Rédacteur : Johan Nguyen

Neurologic Bladder

Vessie neurologique : évaluation de l'acupuncture

1. Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

☆☆☆ Evidence for effectiveness and a specific effect of acupuncture
☆☆ Evidence for effectiveness of acupuncture
Limited evidence for effectiveness of acupuncture
Ø No evidence or insufficient evidence

1.1. Generic Acupuncture

1.1.1. Li 2020

Li Yueying. [System Review and Meta Analysis of Therapeutic Effects of Acupuncture on Neurogenic Bladder]. World Chinese Medicine. 2020. [212907].

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effects and the commonly used acupoint selection program. of acupuncture on neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury on the basis of the existing clinical practice evidence
Methods: Based on the method of Corchorane system evaluation, a systematic review of the randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for the treatment of neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury was conducted. Through the evaluation of the quality of the documents that meet the inclusion criteria and the extraction of the research data, the data analysis was finally carried out using RevMan software.
Results A total of 26 related literatures were included in the study, including 1 778 patients with neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury, 895 in the treatment group and 883 in the control group. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the improvement of bladder capacity in patients with acupuncture combined with basic treatment was 1 month after the start of the trial (MD=31. 86, 95% CI=26. 63~35. 09, P=0. 03), 2 months (MD=48. 51, 95% CI=43. 33~53. 68, P=0. 000 2) and 3 months (MD=34. 84, 95% CI=9. 96~59. 71, P=0. 63), which was better than those of the basic treatment group. The improvement of residual urine volume in patients with acupuncture combined with basic treatment in the first month of the trial (SMD=-1. 51, 95% CI=-2. 09~-0. 94, P<0. 000 01), 2 months (SMD=-1. 10, 95% CI=-1. 51~-0. 69, P<0. 000 01) and 3 months (SMD=-4. 59, 95% CI=-6. 97~-2. 21, P<0. 000 01) was better than those of the basic treatment group.
Conclusion The existing clinical research evidence indicates that acupuncture combined with basic treatment is better than the basic treatment for the recovery of neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury. This provides a strong theoretical basis for more rigorous clinical larg e-sample multicenter randomized controlled studies in the future.

1.2. Wan 2018

Wan Dengfeng, Wang Shengyu, Huang Tao, Wang Xianyu, Liao Yanlin. [Efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion for neurogenic bladder in patients with spinal cord injury: A meta-analysis]. Health Medicine Research and Practice. 2018;5:41-46. [201778].

目的 基于Meta分析系统评价针灸治疗脊髓损伤神经源性膀胱的有效性,为针灸治疗脊髓损伤神经源性膀胱提供循证学依据.方法 检索PubMed、中国期刊全文数据库(CNKI)、中国生物医学文献光盘数据库(CBM)、万方资源等数据库创库至今所有针灸治疗脊髓损伤神经源性膀胱的随机对照试验文献,采用GRADEprofiler质量评价系统进行证据质量分级评定,采用Revman 5.3和STATA 13.0软件对结局指标进行Meta分析.结果 累计18篇文献符合纳入标准,累计纳入病例1 233例,其中治疗组619例,对照组614例.分析结果显示:普通针刺的疗效优于其他手段,2组患者有效率的差异具有统计学意义(OR=4.91;95%CI:2.79~8.64;P=0.000);电针疗法的疗效优于其他手段,2组患者有效率的差异具有统计学意义(OR =4.17;95%CI:2.18~7.97;P=0.000);灸法疗法的疗效优于其他手段,2组患者有效率的差异具有统计学意义(OR=3.83;95%CI:2.27~6.45;P=0.000);芒针疗法的疗效优于其他手段,2组患者有效率的差异具有统计学意义(OR=2.86;95 %CI:1.26~6.49;P<0.01);将所有纳入文献进行分析,结果显示针灸疗法的疗效优于其他手段,2组患者总有效率的差异具有统计学意义(OR=4.04;95%CI:2.98~5.49;P=0.000).结论 采用针灸疗法治疗脊髓损伤神经源性膀胱,疗效确切,值得临床推广应用.但本研究所纳入文献中多数文献质量分级为低质量等级,高质量文献有限,尚需要更多高质量、多中心、大样本的临床随机对照研究验证本结论.
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of neurogenic bladder of spinal cord injury based on the meta-analysis system, and to provide evidence-based evidence for acupuncture treatment of neurogenic bladder of spinal cord injury.
Methodology Search PubMed, China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM The database (CBM), Wanfang resources and other databases have been used to establish a randomized controlled trial of acupuncture for the treatment of neurogenic bladder of spinal cord injury. The GRADE profiler quality evaluation system was used to evaluate the quality of evidence. The outcomes were analyzed using Revman 5.3 and STATA 13.0 software. Meta-analysis.
Results A total of 18 articles met the inclusion criteria, and a total of 1 233 cases were included, including 619 in the treatment group and 614 in the control group. The results showed that the efficacy of ordinary acupuncture was better than other methods, and the two groups were effective. The difference was statistically significant (OR=4.91; 95% CI: 2.79-8.64; P=0.000); electroacupuncture was superior to other methods, and the difference in efficiency between the two groups was statistically significant (OR = 4.17; 95). %CI: 2.18~7.97; P=0.000); the curative effect of moxibustion therapy was better than other methods, and the difference in effective rate between the two groups was statistically significant (OR=3.83; 95% CI: 2.2) 7~6.45; P=0.000); the effect of awn acupuncture is better than other methods, the difference of effective rate between the two groups is statistically significant (OR=2.86; 95% CI: 1.26~6.49; P<0.01); Incorporating into the literature for analysis, the results showed that the efficacy of acupuncture was better than other methods. The difference in the total effective rate between the two groups was statistically significant (OR=4.04; 95% CI: 2.98-5.49; P=0.000).
Conclusion Acupuncture therapy. The treatment of spinal cord injury neurogenic bladder is effective and worthy of clinical application. However, most of the literatures in this study are classified into low quality grades, and high-quality literature is limited. More high quality, multicenter, large samples are needed. Clinical randomized controlled trials verify this conclusion.

1.2.1. Guo 2015 ☆

Guo Ling-Xiang, Zhang Hong. [Meta-analysis on clinical study of acupuncture treatment on neurogenic bladder]. Guiding Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy. 2015;23:90-93. [186978].

Objective To compare the clinical curative effects of acupuncture and other traditional therapy. Methods: The clinical study of acupuncture for neurogenic bladder was collected from January 1994 to May 2014. The effect of acupuncture and other traditional therapy was compared and Meta-analysis was made.
ResultsThe 29 studies were included, and the total efficiency, bladder residual urine volume and maximum bladder capacity of the two groups were analyzed and compared. Metaanalysis revealed that the indexes in experimental group were better than the control group (P <0. 05).
ConclusionThe existed limited evidences suggested that acupuncture treatment of neurogenic bladder can significantly improve bladder capacity and residual urine volume and the total efficiency. More high-quality randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials are needed to confirm the efficacy and safety of acupuncture treatment of neurogenic bladder.

1.3. Hao 2013 Ø

Hao CZ, Wu F, Guo Y, Zhao L, Li Hq, Liao WJ, Zheng GQ. Acupuncture for neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 2013;5(2):100-8. [143477].

IntroductionThe objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury (SCI).
MethodsData up to September 2012 were from 7 databases. Randomized-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) on acupuncture for neurogenic bladder after SCI were included.
ResultsEight RCTs with 529 patients were identified. One RCT reported significant effects of electroacupuncture (EA) adjuvant therapy for improving residual urine volume slip ratio compared with drug therapy plus intermittent catheterization program (ICP), (P<0.05); one reported improving of time of achieving balanced voiding compared with ICP plus physical therapy (PT) (P<0.05 or P<0.01); one reported improving of bladder capacity and residual urine volume compared with ICP plus PT (P<0.01). Two RCTs showed no significant effects of EA mono-therapy for total efficacy rate compared with drug therapy plus PT or plus PT and ICP (RR 1.26, 95% CI 0.95–1.68, P=0.11). Three RCTs showed significant effects of EA adjuvant therapy for total efficacy rate compared with ICP alone or ICP plus PT or drug therapy plus PT (RR 1.50, 95% CI 1.25–1.79, P<0.01). The methodological quality was generally poor. No trial reported adverse effects.
ConclusionsDue to the poor methodological quality of the studies and the small number of trials included in the meta-analysis, the current evidence is insufficient to support the efficacy of acupuncture for neurogenic bladder after SCI. Acupuncture appeared to be well tolerated, but no evidence is available to assess the safety. Further large, rigorous designed trials are needed

1.4. Special Clinical Forms

1.4.1. Urinary Retention after Spinal Cord Injury

1.4.2. Urinary Retention after Stroke

1.4.3. Urinary Incontinence after Stroke