Rédacteurs : Johan Nguyen, Claude Pernice

dyslipidemia

Dyslipidémies

1. Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

1.1. Generic Acupuncture

1.1.1. Liu 2015 ☆

Liu Mailan, Zhang Guoshan, Li Chengwen, Wang Houlian, Guo Anlin, Liu Mi, Chang Xiaorong. [Effectiveness and safety of acupuncture and moxibustion for hyperlipidemia: a systematic review]. Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2015;11:2065-207. [187041].

Objectives To systematically assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture and moxibustion for the treatment of hyperlipidemia.
Methods Databases including CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang were electronically searched from inception to Apr. 2014 for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on acupuncture and moxibustion (manual acupuncture, electroacupuncture, He-Ne laser acupoint needling method) versus drugs (pravastatin, simvastatin, lovastatin fenofibrate) for hyperlipidemia. Two reviewers independently screened literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data and assessed the methodological quality of the included. The third researcher checked the results and ruled the literature which the two reviewers had different comments on. And then, the Meta- analysis was performed using Rev Man 5. 2 software.
Results In total, 9 RCTs and 733 patients were included. The results of Meta- analysis indicated: (1) Acupuncture and moxibustion group’ s effects on decreasing LDL- C was better than that of the drugs group [MD = 1. 05, 95% CI (0. 86, 1. 25), P < 0. 00001]. (2) Drugs group’s effects on decreasing TC was better than that of the acupuncture and moxibustion group [MD =- 0. 31, 95% CI (- 0. 46, - 0. 15), P < 0. 0001]. (3) Acupuncture and moxibustion group’ s effects on decreasing TG was better than that of the drugs group [MD = 0. 62, 95% CI (0. 45, 0. 79), P < 0. 00001]. (4) Acupuncture and moxibustion group’s effects on decreasing HDL- C was better than that of the drugs group [MD = 0. 62, 95% CI (0. 45, 0. 79), P < 0. 00001]. (5) Acupuncture and moxibustion and drugs groups were both effective for hyperlipidemia and there was no significant difference between two groups [OR = 1. 26, 95% CI (0. 90, 1. 77), P =0. 18].
Conclusions Based on current clinical evidence, for hyperlipidemia, the effectiveness of acupuncture and moxibustion was better than the drugs, except the decreasing of TC value. And the safety of acupuncture and moxibustion was better than the drugs’.

1.2. Special Acupuncture Techniques

1.2.1. Fenglong acupoint (ST40)

1.2.1.1. Zhang 2014 ☆

Zhang Bao-Zhen, Zhang Kai, Liu Yu-Zhen. [Meta-analysis on RCTs of acupuncture and moxibustion at fenglong point for treatment of hyperlipemia]. Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2014;8:11-15. [186946].

Objectives To systematically review the efficacy and safety of acupuncture and moxibustion at Fenglong point (ST40) for the treatment of hyperlipemia.
Methods Systematic searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, CBM and WanFang Data, assisted by manual retrieval, and the RCTs of comparative study on acupuncture and moxibustion at Fenglong point and oral administration drugs were included. Data were extracted and evaluated by two reviewers independently with a specially-designed extraction form. The Cochrane Collaboration's RevMan 5. 0 software was used for Meta-analysis.
Results A total of 6 RCTs involving 701 patients were included. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate in acupuncture and moxibustion at Fenglong point for the treatment of hyperlipemia was similar with statins medicine or Xuezhikang capsule. Acupuncture Fenglong point and statins medicine had significant difference in decreasing cholesterol and increasing HDL-C, with less side effects.
Conclusions Acupuncture at Fenglong point is safe and effective in the treatment of hyperlipemia, but still needs more high-quality RCTs for confirmation.

1.2.2. Auricular acupuncture

1.2.2.1. Li 2017

Li Huan, Li Guiping. [Randomized controlled trials of auricular point for hyperlipidemia: A Meta-analysis]. Hebei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2017;10. [51991].

ObjectiveTo systematically assess the clinical effects of auricular point on the treatment of hyperlipidemia.
Methods We electronically searched databases including CNKI, VIP, Wan Fang Data, Pub Med, Web of Science, Embase, MEDIINE (Ovid), and Cochrane Library to collect randomized controlled trials (RCT) of auricular point for hyperlipidemia from inception to December 31, 2016. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. Then, meta-analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5. 3 software.
Results A total of 9 literatures and 1115 patients were included. The Results of Meta-analysis indicated: in terms of the total effective rate, the auricular needle combined with Chinese and western medicine, and simple Chinese and western medicine have similar effects on lipid-lowering. The lipid-lowering effect of auricular point combined with changing the lifestyle is better than simply changing the lifestyle. Auricular point and western medicine have similar effects on lipid-lowering. The lipid-lowering effect of auricular point combined with body acupuncture is superior to the simply body acupuncture.
Conclusion Auricularia point has a certain efficacy and relatively safe on lipid-lowering. However, due to the limited number of trials and the low quality of the literature, a more rigorous randomized controlled trial is needed to further validate the above Conclusions.

1.2.3. Catgut Embedding

1.2.3.1. Yi 2021

Yi Lizhen, Wu Xuefen, Liu Xin, Yue Zenghui. [Clinical Efficacy of Acupoint Catgut Embedding in Treating Hyperlipidemia: A Meta - Analysis]. Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2021;37(2):55. [216744].

ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of acupoint catgut embedding in the treatment of hyperlipidemia (HLP).
MethodsDatabases of Pubmed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, CNKI, WanFang Data, VIP and CBM were searched to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the treatment of HLP by acupoint catgut embedding in recent 10 years. RevMan5. 3 and STATA 14. 0 software were used for meta - analysis.
Results A total of 14 RCTs were included with a total of 961 HLP cases. Meta - analysis showed that the tota1 effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group [OR = 1. 88, 95% CI (1. 32,2. 66), Z =3. 54,P =0. 000 4J. The occurrence of adverse events of acupoint catgut embedding therapy was lower than that of oral western medication [OR = 0. 44, 95 % CI (0. 22, 0. 90), Z = 2. 24, P = 0. 03 ].
Conclusion Acupoint catgut embedding has certain advantages in treating HLP, which is worthy of clinical application. But due to the low quality of the included literature, it needs higher quality evidence to verify the study.

2. Overviews of Systematic Reviews

2.1. Chen 2015 Ø

Chen Hao, Wang Yan, Hu Xuan-Ming, Xu Wen-Tao, Gu Yi-Huang. [Acupuncture therapies for intervening dyslipidemia: a summary overview on systematic reviews and Meta-analysis]. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Cardiovascular Medicine. 2015;(4):435-8. [165673].

ObjectiveTo conduct a summary overview on systematic reviews and Meta-analysis of acupuncture therapies for intervening dyslipidemia.
Methods The databases of Pub Med, Embase, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI and Wan Fang Database were retrieved for searching the studies on systematic reviews and Meta-analysis of acupuncture therapies for intervening dyslipidemia. The methodological quality of included studies was reviewed by using AMSTAR tools, and grades of evidence were reviewed by using GARDE system.
Results There was finally only 1 eligible study included, which compared acupuncture therapy and medication therapy. The results of AMSTAR tools (totally 11 items) showed that in item 1, the study did not provide registration information and study proposal. In item 2, the study did not give reviewers’ information although it introduced there were 2 reviewers for separated reviewing. In item 10 and item 11, the study did not review publication bias and explain relevant interest conflicts during reviewing procedure. In other 7 items, the study described well. The quality grade reviewing of GRADE system showed that the quality of evidence was reduced due to risk of bias, inconsistency, indirection, precision and publication bias. The quality of evidence was at very low grade because risk of bias, inconsistency and publication bias after reviewing 10 outcome indicators focused by the study.
Conclusion The quantity of systematic reviews of acupuncture therapy for dyslipidemia are smaller now, methodological quality is lower, and grade of evidence is very low, so the therapy should be applied cautiously in clinic practice.